Three Waves of HCI

History of HCI

JOSEPH CARL ROBNETT LICKLIDER (LICK) MARCH 11, 1915 – JUNE 26, 1990
STRUCTURE OF SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION Science does not actually progress from a simple accumulation of facts, but instead by successive and overlapping reframing of ideas, a paradigm shift.
Thomas Kuhn
1970
PARADIGM a set of interrelated assumptions about the social world which provides a philosophical and conceptual framework for organized study of that world
William J. Filstead
1979
THE MAIN ROOTS OF HCI RESEARCH • Engineering • Cognitive science

FIRST-WAVE HCI

  • Directly stems from engineering roots
  • Focus on human factors and ergonomics
  • Interaction as a form of “man-machine coupling”

SECOND-WAVE HCI

  • Stems from cognitive sciences

  • A focus on the theory and what happens in the human mind

  • Interaction is viewed as a metaphor of “mind and computer as coupled information processors”

THIRD-WAVE HCI

  • Highlights under-recognized and marginalized topics such as culture and values along with the researcher role

  • Interaction is seen as a form of creation of a meaning

INTERACTION

Context matters

Experience

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